Uses of carbon dioxide

There are numerous uses of carbon dioxide in modern anesthesia. It is used :

• To increase depth of anesthesia with volatile anesthetic agents by stimulating respiration.-

• To increase cerebral blood flow during carotid artery surgery.

• To produce hyperventilation during blind nasal intubation.

• To stimulate the respiration after artificial hyperventilation.

• It may be of help in production of hypothermia due to vasodilatation.

• To avoid hypocarbia during cardiopulmonary bypass.

The other uses of carbon dioxide include the following :

• In production of pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy.

• In cryoprobes.

• In the production of Laser light for surgical procedures.


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