Critical Care

Autologous blood

Autologous blood Transfusion Techniques: AutoIogous Blood The blood of a person himself is called as autologous blood. Usually, 3 to 4 units of patient’s own blood are taken 4 to 6 weeks before surgery but hematocrit should not be allowed to fall below 35% and hemoglobin less than 11 g%. The patient’s blood is transfused back

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Stored Blood

Stored blood is one of the commonest transfused volume replacements. Blood is stored in the cold part of refrigerator at 4°C (never in the freezer). Since blood from donors it taken long before it has to be given to a patient, it is stored in the meantime in refrigerator to preserve it from getting spoiled. It can be

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Dextran Injection

Dextrans are a type of colloids and are used for intravenous transfusion. The Dextran Injection is aavailable as Dextran 70 (mol. wt. 70,000 Daltons), Dextran 150 (mol. wt. 1,50,000 Daltons) and Dextran 40 (mol. wt. 40,000 Daltons). Dextrans are polysaccharides. These solutions can be stored for 10 years. Half life of dextrans is 2 to

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Colloids Examples

Colloids are the type on intravenous fluids with high osmolarity that are ideal to transfuse in conditions like decreased intravascular volume. A Few Colloids Examples are: Dextrans (Lomodex) Albumins Gelatins (Haemaccel) Hydroxyethyl Starch Perflurocarbon Emulsions Blood Hextend The Colloids Examples are explained in a bit detail below. 1. Dextrans (Lomodex) For more on Dextrans read

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